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External Reports


“What does the ‘C’ in C-Change stand for?
Caribbean, Canada, Communities, Coastal, Climate Change, & Collaboration”
- Colleen Mercer Clarke, C-Change Community Coordinator (Canada)
_____. (2012). Acting Today for Tomorrow: A Policy and Practice Note for Climate and Disaster Resilient Development in the Pacific Islands Region. The World Bank. (PDF, 28 pp). 
_____. (2009). At the Frontlines of Climate Change—Oceans, Coasts, and Small Island Developing States: The Need for Action Now in the Climate Negotiations. Submission to the Ad Hoc Working Group on long-term cooperative action under the UNFCC. Sixth Session, June 1-12, Bonn. (PDF, 6 pp).
_____. (2012). Climate Change Planning: Case Studies from Canadian Communities. NRCan and Canadian Institute of Planners. (PDF, 67 pp). 
_____. (2009). Fact sheet: Climate change science. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. (PDF, 6 pp).
_____. (2009). Resilient Coasts: A Blueprint for Action. A publication of The H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics and the Environment and Ceres. (PDF, 9 pp).
_____. (2009). Statement Of Dr. John P. Holdren, Director, Office of Science and Technology Policy, Executive Office of the President Before The Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation, United States Senate, July 30. (PDF, 12 pp).
A New Synthesis of Public Administration. (2010). Compilation of Literature Scans – Project Leader’s Team. (PDF, 179 pp).
Atlantic Climate Change Conference. (2009). Speaker Bios (Listed alphabetically).  (PDF, 16 pp).
Berkes, F. (2007). Community-based conservation in a globalized world. PNAS, vol. 104, no. 39. (PDF, 6 pp).

Bernier, N.B. & Thompson, K.R. (2006). Predicting the frequency of storm surges and extreme sea levels in the northwest Atlantic. Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 111.  American Geophysical Union. (PDF, 15 pp).

Bizikova, L. (2010). Scenario-Based Planning for a Changing Climate in the Bras d’Or Ecosystem - Workshop Report. January 28th and 29th, 2009, Cape Breton University. Winnipeg: International Institute for Sustainable Development. (PDF, 33 pp).

Boateng, I. (Ed.) (2010). Spatial Planning in Coastal Regions: Facing the Impact of Climate Change. Publication of International Federation of Surveyors (FIG), Commission 8 Working Group 8.4 – Urban Planning in Coastal Region, No. 55. (PDF, 60 pp).
Bornhold, B.D. (2008). Projected sea level changes for British Columbia in the 21st century. Government of Canada. (PDF, 12 pp).
Brander, K. M. (2007). Global fish production and climate change. PNAS, vol. 104, no. 50. (PDF, 6 pp).
Bras d’Or Stewardship Society, The. (2009). The Blue Heron, vol. 12, no.2. (PDF, 12 pp).
British Columbia Coast and Marine Environment Project. (2006). Climate Change. (PDF, 34 pp).

Bruce, J.P., Egener, I.D., Noble, D.  (2006). Adapting to Climate Change: A Risk-based Guide for Ontario Municipalities. (PDF, 39 pp). 
Bueno, R., Herzfeld, C. Stanton, E.A. & Ackerman, F. (2008). The Caribbean and Climate Change: The Costs of Inaction. Stockholm Environment Institute - US Center & Global Development and Environment Institute, Tufts University. (PDF, 37 pp).

Burch, S., Shaw, A., Sheppard, S. & Flanders, D. (2009). Climate Change Visualization: Using 3D Imagery of Local Places to Build Capacity and Inform Policy. State of Climate Visualization, CSPR-report:4. (PDF, 9 pp).

Canadian Standards Association. (2007). Climate Change and Infrastructure Engineering: Moving Towards a New Curriculum. (PDF, 125 pp)
CARE. (2010). Policy Position Paper on Adaptation. (PDF, 5 pp).
Causey, B.C. (2007). Islands in the Stream: A Concept for the Gulf of Mexico, PresentationGreat Lakes Maritime Heritage Center Alpena, Michigan. Marine Protected Areas Federal Advisory Committee. (PDF, 24 pp).
Chen, S. & Ravalliona, M. (2007). Absolute poverty measures for the developing world, 1981–2004. Washington, DC: Development Research Group, World Bank. PNAS, vol. 104, no. 43. (PDF, 6 pp).
Chmura, G.L., Costanza, R. &  Kosters, E. (1992). Modelling coastal marsh stability in response to sea level rise: a case study in coastal Louisiana, USA. Ecological Modelling, 64: 47-64. Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam. (PDF, 18 pp).
Clark, W.C. (2007). Sustainability Science: A room of its own, Editorial. PNAS, vol. 104, no. 6. (PDF, 2 pp).
Coastal & Marine Union (EUCC). (2009). Coastal & Marine Climate Change, Vol.18; No. 2. Ferreira, M., Pickaver, A., & Schumacher, S. (Eds). Drukkerij All: Katwijk, The Netherlands. (link to PDF).
Connell, D.J. (2004). New Rural Economy: Economic Capacity Profiles, Update. Prepared on behalf of New Rural Economy2 Project, Canadian Rural Revitalization Foundation. (PDF, 26 pp).
Crabbé, P., and Robin, M. (2003). Final Report: Adaptation of Water Resource Infrastructure – Related Institutions to Climate Change in Eastern Ontario. A Community University Research Alliance Project (1999-2003) Between the University of Ottawa and the Federation of Canadian Municipalities Eastern Ontario Water Resources Committee St. Lawrence River Institute of Environmental Sciences. (PDF, 242 pp). 
Crabbé, P., and Robin, M. (2006). Institutional Adaptation of Water Resource Infrastructures to Climate Change in Eastern Ontario. Climatic Change, 78: 103–133. Springer. (PDF, 31 pp).
CTV News Staff.  (2008). Canada not ready to respond to emergencies: report. (website).
Cutter, S.L. & Finch, C. (2008). Temporal and spatial changes in social vulnerability to natural hazards. PNAS, vol. 105, no. 7. (PDF, 6 pp).
Derviş, K. (2008). WIDER Annual Lecture 11: The Climate Change Challenge. UNU World Institute for Development Economics Research (UNU-WIDER), in cooperation with the United Nations Development Programme. (PDF, 44 pp).
Dietz, T. & Henry, A. D. (2008). Context and the commons, Commentary. PNAS, vol. 105, no. 36. (PDF, 2 pp).
 DIMA. (2010). Development Isle Madame Annual Report. (PDF, 12 pp).
Ecology Action Center. (2008). Exploring Issues, Engaging Partners: Risk Management, Climate Change & Coastal Planning. EAC Coastal Issues Committee. (PDF, 25 pp).


FAO. (2010). Planning for community based adaptation to climate change, web-based E-learning tool. (website).
Federation of Canadian Municipalities. (2009). Municipal Resources for Adapting to Climate Change. Partners for Climate Protection and the FCM’s Green Municipal Fund, Ottawa. (PDF, 19 pp)  
Furgal, C., & Prowse, T.D. (2008). Chapter 3: Northern Canada, in D.S. Lemmen, F.J.Warren, J. Lacroix and E. Bush (Eds), From Impacts to Adaptation: Canada in a Changing Climate. Ottawa: Government of Canada. (PDF, 62 pp). 
Government of Canada. (2008). Call for letters of interest. Natural Resources Canada’s Regional Adaptation Collaboratives Program. (PDF, 14 pp).

Government of Canada. (2008). Emergency Preparedness in Canada. Report of the Standing Senate Committee on National Security and Defence, vol. 1, Second Session, Thirty-ninth Parliament. (PDF, 235 pp).
Government of Canada. (2010). Audit Report: Emergency Preparedness and Response. Audit Services Division, Approved by Chief Public Health Officer on June 22, 2010. (PDF, 56 pp).
Government of Canada. (2010). Climate Prosperity: The Economic Risks and opportunities of Climate Change for Canada. The National Round Table on the Environment and the Economy, Ottawa. (PDF, 16 pp).
Greaves, G. (2012). On Water Augmentation Strategies for Small Island Developing States: Case Study of Bequia, St. Vincent.  National Central University (Taiwan). (PDF, 120 pp.)
Gunn, A. H. (2009). Step 1: Generating Dialogue, Adaptation to Sea Level Rise on Prince Edward Island. A Practicum submitted to the Faculty of Graduate Studies of The University of Manitoba in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the degree of Masters of Landscape Architecture. (PDF, 2121 pp).
Gutierrez, N. L., Hilborn, R., & Defeo, O. (2011). Leadership, social capital and incentives promote successful fisheries. Nature, vol. 470. Macmillan Publishers Limited. (PDF, 4 pp).
Henstra, D. (____). Municipal Emergency Management. Mountain View, CA: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License (12 pp.).
Homer-Dixon, T. (2009). The Great Transformation – Climate Change as Cultural Change. Transcript of speech in Essen, Germany, June 8-10. (PDF, 11 pp).

Howden, S. M., et al. (2007). Adapting agriculture to climate change. PNAS , vol. 104, no. 50. (PDF, 6 pp).
Hu, A., Meehl, G. A., Han, W. & Yin, J. (2009). Transient response of the MOC and climate to potential melting of the Greenland Ice Sheet in the 21st century. Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 36. (PDF, 6 pp).
International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), The. (2009).  Participatory Learning and Action: Community-based adaptation to climate change. Ashley, H., Kenton, N., & Milligan, A. (Eds). Russell Press: Nottingham, UK. (link to PDF).
INTOSAI Working Group on Environmental Auditing. (2010). Coordinated International Audit on Climate Change: Key Implications for Governments and their Auditors. (PDF, 89 pp).
IPCC. (2012). Summary for Policymakers. In: Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation[Field, C.B., V. Barros, T.F. Stocker, D. Qin, D.J. Dokken, K.L. Ebi, M.D. Mastrandrea, K.J. Mach, G.-K. Plattner, S.K. Allen, M. Tignor, and P.M. Midgley (eds.)]. A Special Report of Working Groups I and II of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, and New York, NY, USA. (PDF, 20 pp).
Kantai, T. Louw, K., Nyingi, D.W., and Schulman, M.  (2010). A Summary of the Fourth International Conference on Community-Based Adaptation to Climate Change. Community-Based Adaptation to Climate Change Bulletin, vol. 135, no. 3. New York: International Institute for Sustainable Development. (PDF, 11 pp).

Klein, R.J.T. (2005). Technology for Adaptation to Climate Change in Coastal Zones. Presentation given at the UNFCCC Seminar on the Development and Transfer of Environmentally Sound Technologies for Adaptation to Climate Change, Tobago, 14–16 June. (PDF, 19 pp).
Lane, D. (2010). Chapter 6: Is the current fisheries management toolbox sufficient to address climate change?, in The Economics of Adapting Fisheries to Climate Change. Fisheries Committee of the OECD. (PDF, 39 pp).
Lane, D. & Stephenson, R. L. (1998). A framework for risk analysis in fisheries decision-making. International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, Journal of Marine Science, 55: 1–13. (PDF, 13 pp).
Lantuit, H, et al. (2010). The Arctic Coastal Dynamics Database: A New Classification Scheme and Statistics on Arctic Permafrost Coastlines. Estuaries and Coasts, Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation. (PDf, 18 pp).
Lenton, T. M., et al. (2008). Tipping elements in the Earth’s climate system. PNAS , vol. 105, no. 6. (PDF, 8 pp).
Locatelli, B. (2010). Local, global: integrating mitigation and adaptation. Perspectives, Forest/ Climate Change. Cirad, Agriculture Research for Development. (PDF, 4 pp).
Matthews, R., Sydneysmith, R., (2009). Adaptive Capacity as a Dynamic Institutional Process: Conceptual Perspectives and their Application, in Armitage, D. and Plummer, R. (Eds), Adaptive Capacity: Building Environmental Governance in an Age of Uncertainty. Springer Publishing Company. New York. (PDF, 30 pp)
Matthews, R., Sydneysmith, R. (2010). Climate Change and Institutional Capacity in an ‘Arctic Gateway’ City: A CAVIAR Case Study of Whitehorsein Hovelsrud, G. K., & Smit, B. (Eds), CAVIAR: Community Adaptation and Vulnerability in Arctic Regions. Springer Publishing Company. (PDF, 24 pp)
McGranahan,G, Balk, D. & Anderson, B. (2007). The rising tide: Assessing the risks of climate change and human settlements in low elevation coastal zones. Environment & Urbanization, vol 19(1): 17–37. (PDF, 21 pp).

Miles, E. L., et al. (2006). An approach to designing a national climate service. PNAS , vol. 103, no. 52. (PDF, 8 pp).
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). (2010). Adapting to Climate Change: A Planning Guide for State Coastal Managers. NOAA Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management. (website)
      National Round Table on the Environment and the Economy. (2011). Climate Prosperity: Paying the price: The Economic impacts of climate change for Canada. (PDF, 168 pp.)
New York State Sea Level Rise Task Force. (2010). Report to the Legislature, Draft for Public Comment. (PDF, 93 pp).
Nickels, S., Furgal, C., Buell, M., & Moquin, H. (2005). Unikkaaqatigiit – Putting the Human Face on Climate Change: Perspectives from Inuit in CanadaOttawa: Joint publication of Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, Nasivvik Centre for Inuit Health and Changing Environments at Université Laval and the Ajunnginiq Centre at the National Aboriginal Health Organization. (PDF, 129 pp).
Nordhaus, W. D. (2006). Geography and macroeconomics: New data and new findings. PNAS, vol. 103, no. 10. (PDF, 8 pp).
Office of the Auditor General of Canada. (2010). Chapter 3, Adapting to Climate Impacts, in Report of the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development to the House of Commons, Fall 2010. Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada, Ottawa. (PDF, 42 pp).
Ostrom, E., Janssen, M. A. &  Anderies, J.M. (2007). Going beyond panaceas. PNAS, vol. 104, no. 39. (PDF, 3 pp).
Panterra Management Ltd. (2009). Exploring Integrated Landscape Management at the Provincial Level in Canada (DRAFT). A Report Submitted to the Government of Canada, Policy Research Initiative with support from Environment Canada. (PDF, 91 pp).
Park, J., Obeysekera, J., Irizarry, M., Barnes, J., Trimble, P., & Park-Said, W. (2011). Storm surge projections and implications for water management in South Florida. Climatic Change: 107 (109–128) (20 pp.).
Parkinson, R. W. & McCue, T. (2011). Assessing municipal vulnerability to predicted sea level rise: City of Satellite Beach, Florida. Climatic Change: 107 (203–223) (21 pp.). 

Perrings, C. (2007). Future challenges, Special Feature, Perspective. PNAS, vol. 104, no. 39. (PDF, 2 pp).
Polasky, S. (2008). Why conservation planning needs socioeconomic data, Commentary. PNAS, vol. 105, no. 18. (PDF, 2 pp).
Richardson, G. R. A. (2010). Adapting to Climate Change: An Introduction for Canadian Municipalities. Ottawa: Natural Resources Canada, Government of Canada. (PDF, 48 pp).
Richardson, G.R.A. and Otero, J. (2012). Land use planning tools for local adaptation to climate change. Ottawa, Ont.: Government of Canada. (PDF, 38 pp). 
Richardson, K. et al. (2009). Synthesis Report from Climate Change, Global Risks, Challenges, and Decisions, Copenhagen 2009, 10-12 March. University of Copenhagen, Denmark. (PDF, 39 pp).
Richmond County. (2009). Integrated Community Sustainability Plan, Draft Outline. (PDF, 16 pp).
Sale, P.F., et al. (2008). Stemming Decline of the Coastal Ocean: Rethinking Environmental Management. Hamilton: UNU-INWEH. (PDF, 50 pp).
Sander-Regier, R., McLeman, R., Brklacich, M., & Woodrow, M. (2009). Planning for climate change in Canadian rural and resource-based communities. Environments Journal Volume 37(1). (PDF, 23 pp).
Shaw, R.W. & CCAF A041 Project Team. (2001). Coastal Impacts of Climate Change and Sea-Level Rise on Prince Edward Island. Climate Change Action Fund project A041, Synthesis Report. (PDF, 88 pp).
Stock, C.A. et al. (2010). On the use of IPCC-class models to assess the impact of climate on Living Marine ResourcesProgress in Oceanography, vol. 88. (PDF, 27 pp).
Swanson, D. & Bhadwal, S. (Eds). (2009). Creating Adaptive Policies: A guide for policy-making in an uncertain world. International Institute for Sustainable Development, The Energy and Resources. (PDF, 141 pp).
Thomson, R.E., Bornhold, B.D., & Mazzotti, S. (2008). An examination of the factors affecting relative and absolute sea level in coastal British Columbia. Canadian Technical Report of Hydrography and Ocean Sciences 260. (PDF, 56 pp).

Tol, R.S.J., et al. (2005). Adaptation to Five Meters of Sea Level Rise. (PDF, 12 pp).
Torell, M. (2009). Some institutional implications of an ecosystems approach to capture fisheries management.  Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management, 12: 4. (PDF, 5 pp).
Turner II, B. L., Lambin, E. F., & Reenberg A. (2007). The emergence of land change science for global environmental change and sustainability. PNAS, vol. 104, no. 52. (PDF, 7 pp).
UNDP Launches Toolkit to Support Countries in Designing Climate Change Adaptation Initiatives. (2010). Press Release (with link to toolkit) from the UNDP Bureau of Development Policy. (website). 
UNEP. (2007). Global Environment Outlook GEO4Progress Press Ltd, Malta. (PDF, 572 pp).
Vermeera, M.& Rahmstorfb, S. (2009). Global sea level linked to global temperature. PNAS Early Edition. (PDF, 6 pp).
Van Deursen, W.P.A. (1995). Geographical Information Systems and Dynamic Models. Ph.D. thesis, Utrecht University, NGS Publication 190. (PDF, 198 pp).
Venema, H.D., Oborne, B., & Neudoerffer, C. (2010). The Manitoba Challenge: Linking Water & Land Management for Climate Adaptation. International Institute for Sustainable Development. (link to PDF).
Zhang, K., Dittmar, J., Ross, M. & Bergh, C. (2011). Assessment of sea level rise impacts on human population and real property in the Florida Keys. Climatic Change: 107 (129–146) (18 pp.).

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